STOP Early Journal Content on JSTOR, Free to Anyone in the World This article is one of nearly 500,000 scholarly works digitized and made freely available to everyone in the world by JSTOR. Known as the Early Journal Content, this set of works include research articles, news, letters, and other writings published in more than 200 of the oldest leading academic journals. The works date from the mid-seventeenth to the early twentieth centuries. We encourage people to read and share the Early Journal Content openly and to tell others that this resource exists. People may post this content online or redistribute in any way for non-commercial purposes. Read more about Early Journal Content at http://about.jstor.org/participate-jstor/individuals/early- journal-content . JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary source objects. JSTOR helps people discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content through a powerful research and teaching platform, and preserves this content for future generations. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization that also includes Ithaka S+R and Portico. For more information about JSTOR, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org. 409 April 5, 1907 TURKEY. Report from Constantinople — Plague among pilgrims to Mecca — San- itary conditions of the pilgrimage. Doctor Post, American representative on the International Sani- tary Board, reports, March 12, as follows: REPORT ON BUBONIC PLAGUE IN THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE. V ^Bubonic plague is on the increase at Djeddah, the port of Mecca. The record thus far is as follows : January 8-15 January 15-20 January 21-27 January 28-February 3 February 4-9 Feoruary 10-17 February 18-24 February 25-28 Total since January 8 . Cases. Deaths. 8 7 6 6 3 4 6 5 10 10 20 19 32 30 27 25 106 When the first cases were reported great numbers of pilgrims were passing through Djeddah on their way to Mecca, and it was greatly feared that the plague would break out among them. A special meeting of the International Sanitary Board was called, and the fol- lowing measures, among others, were decided upon: (1) To impose a five days' quarantine on arrivals from Djeddah. (2) To reenforce the medical staff at Djeddah and at Mecca. (3) To reserve a portion of the lazaretto at Djeddah for plague cases among pilgrims should such occur. (4) To direct the medical inspector at Djeddah to take the requisite measures for rendering hygienic the town of Djeddah, and for destroying rats and mice. (5) To give embarking pilgrims a thorough medical examination. (6) To urge the importance of a very strict and active surveillance of the pilgrims at Mecca, with a view to discovering cases of plague among them. (7) To send a supply of antitoxin serum to Djeddah. (8) To represent to the Imperial Government the importance of conveying only one body of pilgrims at a time from Mecca to Djeddah, and of having these bodies of pilgrims, while waiting to embark, encamped outside the town of Djeddah. Up to February 24 not a single case of plague had occurred among the pilgrims, over 100,000 in number. On February 24 a Javanese pilgrim died of plague at Djeddah. Information has just been received of the death from plague of two pilgrims at Aden, on their return from Mecca. Steamers carrying hundreds of returning pilgrims have been arriving daily in Smyrna, Constantinople, and other Otto- man ports. In spite of the fact that the steamers used for pilgrim April 5, 1907 410 transportation are carefully measured, in accordance with the Vene- tian regulations, by a special committee of the International Sanitary Board, the rules are constantly infringed and the steamers return over- crowded. It sometimes happens that hundreds of pilgrims are carried in excess of the regulation number allowed. This fact of overcrowding, and still more the unhygienic conditions prevailing at quarantine stations, where pilgrims are at times obliged to sleep on damp ground, account for a considerable mortality, chiefly from dysentery, among returning pilgrims during the voyage and after disembarking. The following instances are in point: Steamships. Number of pilgrims arrived at Clazomene. Number of deaths dur- ing voyage from Djed- dah to Clazomene. 1,432 928 891 1,139 9 5 4 4 Other pilgrims died after disembarking. At the meeting of the International Sanitary Board, held March 5, the causes of mortality among returning pilgrims were discussed. A committee was appointed to continue the careful study of the various lazarettos of the Ottoman Empire, and to submit a plan and esti- mates for such improvements as shall be deemed necessary. News has been received from Camaran that the epidemic of small- pox at Salif is now at an end. FOREIGN AND INSULAR STATISTICAL REPORTS OF COUNTRIES AND CITIES — UNTABULATED. Algeria — Algiers. — Month of February, 1907. Estimated popu- lation, 155,000. Total number of deaths not reported. One death from diphtheria, 2 from enteric fever, 2 from smallpox, and 51 from tuberculosis reported. Australia — Sydney. — Month of January, 1907. Estimated popu- lation, 529,600. Total number of deaths, 510, including diphtheria 1, enteric fever 7, plague 1, scarlet fever 1, whooping cough 7, and 29 from phthisis pulmonalis. Bahamas — Nassau. — Two weeks ended March 23, 1907. Esti- mated population, 12,656. Six deaths reported. Brazil — State of Sao Paulo, including the cities of Sao Paulo, Santos, and Campinas. — Week ended February 17, 1907. Esti- mated population, 300,000. Total number of deaths, 186, including measles 1, whooping cough 1, plague 1, leprosy 1, enteric fever 1, and 14 from tuberculosis.